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Π Ƞ
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. . -941
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1997

1. ..................................................................3
2. .....................................................................4
3.
................................................4
4. ...........................5
5. ר
.................................................6
6. ר ......................9
7. .....................................14
8.
............................................15

1.



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2
1)
ࠠ 0.95.
2)
20 0
3)

⠠ 2
4)


-7, -2.5
5)

⠠ 2
6)
蠠 L1=1000 젠
L2 =1500




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3.



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2 280 280,
1100 .
, , ,
1100, 2100 2120.

100-150 .
.
-
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4.

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-80 .

-80 .
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151
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32


-80
1. 3.0 /
2. ࠠ 0.73...1.25
3. ࠠ 0.8
4. 蠠 5 /
5. 堠 200
6. 220
7.

5000

2500

730
8.

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5. ר
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2.
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-200 1.0 .
3.

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蠠 㠠


ࠠ -
127 .






4.
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1
蠠 /
蠠 /젠

1 ࠠ /젠


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5.
1500



+9.81(13.4+8.9)×60×0.03×+394
+ 413 ͠

+ 9.81×(13.4+8.9)×50×0.03 =
+742
+779 ͠

+9.81(13.4+8.9)×1490×0.03 =
+10557
-11085

+ 9.81×(13.4+20.8+50)×1500×0.033 =
+ 51972 ͠
+54571
+54571 ͠
,





i=
3 -
n= 8.5 -
Sp = 1960
/ -
1

.


堠 -


, 1100
1.
2 /
2.
16.5 3/
3.
735 /
4.


1500
5.
45

6.


330
6.
ר Ƞ .

:

ꠠ -7 ,
-2.5

蠠 ,

ꠠ =2160
1.


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堠 - ,

y-

- (=0.03 ),/2
-
-

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27
.
Q = z×g×(G+G)=27×9.81×(1.36+2)= 890
Q = z×g×(G+×G)=27×9.81×(1.36+2)= 360
2.



F=1/n×(P+P)×(w-i)=1/2(7×9.81+890)(9-3)=2876 H
F=1/n×(P+P)×(w+i)=1/2(7×9.81+360)(10+3)=2786 H

:

F=2.87 H : I=130 A
, v=9.0 / F=2.78H : I=125 A
, v=9.2 /


/
l=40
- .

/
3.


I£ I


=t + t + t


t=30

I = r I񠠠 , r =0.5 -


I=200
-
I
= 0.5 × 200=100 .

I£ I
5.




堠 -
k - 蠠




n -




N = N + N=9+2=11
N -


Qp =
L×A / Np=1.25×2160/9=300 ×

Q = L×A / N=1.25×2160/11=245 ×
6.



×




W =
W×n=41.76× 52=2171 ×


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7.
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1.
40 , - 20 .
2.
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300 2 / .
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6.
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1) . .
.. , .. . - .: , 1985.
2) .-.:
, 1986 .

2011