Реферат: Model of the nucleus of atom and the table of elements /english/
MODEL of the NUCLEUS of ATOM and the TABLE of ELEMENTS.
Each subsequent element differs from previous that in his(its) nucleus
the quantity(amount) of protons is increased by unit, and the
quantity(amount) of neutrons grows, generally on some. That is in a
nucleus always there are more than neutrons, than protons (not including
the easiest nucleus). In the literature this strange parity(ratio) of
number of neutrons to number of protons, for any nucleus, nothing
For construction of model of a nucleus of atom we shall note, that
at an alpha of a radio-activity of a nucleus of helium have
approximately equal to energy. Therefore on an external environment of a
nucleus we shall place all protons with the same quantity(amount) of
neutrons, i.e. at one power level can be only bozons with what the
nucleus placed on an external environment an alpha of a particle and
are. Inside a nucleus we shall arrange the staying neutrons which
problem(task) will be easing electrostatic fields of pushing away of
protons. Having assumed a nucleus spherical, and radiuses of a proton
and a neutron approximately identical, for any element we shall receive
the model of a nucleus explaining the attitude(relation) of number of
neutrons to number of protons, following of packing a nucleus of atom.
Radioactive disintegration, probably is connected to compression of a
nucleus since with growth of a serial number of an element neutrons in
volume of a nucleus all weaken radial forces of pushing away of protons
more strongly. If weight of a nucleus to accept initial, and chemical
properties of atom secondary in the table of elements atomic weight
should change monotonously as across and on a vertical. Having
constructed the table to these attributes we are compelled after Lu and
Lr to leave on four empty places to observe chemical properties of
Probably, at opening elements by necessity there is a definition of a
charge of a nucleus! (the Charge of a nucleus was defined(determined)
only for Cu and Pt.
In 1891. James Chadvik has lead(carried out) experiences and with the
help of formula Reserford has calculated charges of nucleus for platinum
- 77,4, for silver - 46,3, for Cu-29,3. These results almost have
coincided with serial numbers of these elements in table Mendeleeva.
But, the last lanthanide are radioactive! According to our
model of a nucleus of atom at the following for lanthanide elements the
radio-activity could be removed(taken off) introduction inside of a
nucleus of the proton environment consisting of four protons.
But then, defining(determining) a charge of a nucleus of atom
of platinum on D.Chadvika's method, we again would receive value 77,4 as
alpha-particles would dissipate on an external environment of a nucleus
of atom. Therefore to be put a question on specification of charges of
nucleus of the elements following for Hf. Can be from here and failures
with hit in " islet of stability ".
Henadzi R.Filipenka”Model of the nucleus of atom and the
table of elements” Moscow