Топик: Books and Reading
Books and Reading
Books can fit almost every need, temper, or interest.
Books can be read when you are in the mood; they don't have to be taken in
periodic doses. Books are more personal and more impersonal than professors.
Books have an inner confidence which individuals seldom show; they rarely have
to be on the defensive. Books can afford to be bold, and courageou, and
explanatory; they don't have to be so careful of boards of trustees, colleagues,
and community opinion. Books are infinitly diverse; they run the gamut of human
activity. Books can express every point of view; if you want a different point
of view, you can read a different book. Reading is probably the most important
skill you will need for success in your studies. You will have to read lengthy
assignments in different subjects with varying degrees of detail and
difficulty. If you you read inaccuratly, you will fail to understand some of
the information and ideas you read. If you read slowly, you will have to spent
too much time reading your assignments so that your other work may suffer.
Poor reading may be a problem for you, but it is not a
hopeless one. Like other skills your abilty to read English rapidly and
accuratly will depend upon a careful instruction and purposeful practice. You
must continue to practise on your own to improve your reading skill.
Reading speed is determined in part by how many words
your eyes can see at a single glance. Here is a comparison of three different
readers and how many stops their eyes make.
Being і able і to read і by phrases і instead of і by
single і words і results і from і practice.
Being able і to read і by phrases і instead of і by
single words і results і from practice.
Being able to read by phrases і instead of by single
words і results from practice.
Notice that the slow reader's eyes must stop fourteen
times, focusing on each word alone before they move on to the next. The eyes of
the average reader stop six or seven times because they are able to see about
two words at a single glance. The eyes of the fast reader stop only three
times. They focus at the center of a phrase and see three or four words, then
move rapidly to the next phrase. This ability to see words on either side of
the point at which your eyes focus is called peripheral vision. As a foreign
student of English, you may feel, that it is impossible to recognize so many
words at a single glance. It is difficult for many native speakers, but it can
be done - and must be done if you are to read as rapidly as you should. You can
increase your peripheral vision by eye exercises.
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