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:
.
:
.

John wanted to publish
the paper. (1)

:
(2)
John
wanted to publish
the paper

:
[[John][[wanted][[to][publish][[the][paper]]]]] (3)
(2) (3)

. .
.
, (1)
S
NP VP
VP
NP (4)
NPR V P V
DET N
John wanted to publish
the paper
John ,

, wanted publish -
, to- ( to
), the - ,
paper - , the paper - , to publish
the paper - , wanted to publish the paper -
, , John wanted to publish the paper - .

(3) :
[S[NR[NPR
John]][VP[V to][V publish][NP[DET the][N paper]]]]] (5)

(4) (5) ( )
.

()
(
N, V, NP, VP, S ..)
( John wanted, to,
publish, the, paper . . ,

. ,
- (), -
(). :
-->
ՠ (6)
-
, - .
:
ZAW
--> ZXW (7)
X, Z, W -
, - .
(7) Z W.

A
--> X êZ W (8)

S
, . .
S
> NP VP
NP
> NPR
NP
> DET N
VP
> V VP
VP
> P V NP
NPR > John, Mary, Bill
N > paper, man, cow
V >
wanted, meet, want
P >
to
DET > the

:
G
, G ().

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G
, G L(G). w
G, w
S, G.
L (.. )
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, , , L(G)=L,
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, L(G) .
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, .
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G - (6, 7).
G t,
t . t
. : (Pt) t

1. t=f ( ),
Pt = f
2. t=
A
t0 t1 .... tn
Pt={A} v P(t0)P(t1)....P(tn) t0, t1 ....tn -
, . ; :
S
A B
C d E
c e
Pt = {S, AB, AE, Ae, CdB, CdE, Cde,cdB, cdE, cde}
G - , ..

-->w/p - f
Î V - S (V - , S ), w Î V+ (
V) p, f Î V* ( V).
p f - ,
.
t G,
t G.
--> w/p - f
,
, w t r1pfr2 , r1, r2 Î
V*.
p - f .
,
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t, (p - f), p, f Î V*, ,
,
r1pfr2
(r1, r2 Î
V*).
,
.

-->w/
-
.
G - t(G) - , G.
, t(G) - ; ..
t(G)
S, - . ,
L(t(G)) = {x½x,
t, t Î t(G)} (7).
: V = {S, T, a, b, c, e}
S = {a, b, c, e}, G -
.
1. S -->e
2. S --> aT
3. T --> aS
4. S --> bTc / (a_()) Ù DOM (T_)
5. T --> bSc / (a_()) Ù DOM (S_)
1, 2, 3
- .
( S).
, G, G1:
S --> e S --> aT1
S --> aT T--> aS1
T --> aS T1--> bSc
S1-->bTc
G1 S1 1
. , S1 1, ,
G1 G - G G1. (10).
V --> wanted½ -VP
(10)
, , wanted
V, VP ( ,
V). V , VP .
- ,
.
. .
.
, (4, 8).
[
. (
).
]. ,
(4) () (4 ).
S
NP VP

NPR V VP
NP
John wanted P V
+N +V DET N
-DET- +
- NP [to] publish
+Animate . +V the paper
+
- NP + DET +N
+Definite + DET -
+
Singilar

.

(4) () (1):
John wanted to publish the paper
().
.
, ( )
. ,
() ,
,
. ,
. ,
. , ,
, . , ,
(11), (12) - . (14) (13),
.
John saw Mary
S
NP
AUX VP
NPR V NP
John past see NPK

Mary
Mary was seen by John.
S
NP AUX VP
NPR
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2011