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22.3.04-95


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22.3.04-95




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22.3.04-95


______________________________________________________________________






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Safety in emergencies

Dosimetric control of population
METHOD OF
ABSORBED RADIATION DOSES MEASUREMENT
USING
ESR-SPECTRA OF TOOTH ENAMEL
_____________________________________________________________________
1996-07-01
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22.3.04-95
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2603-79 .

6709-72 .


9147-80
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22.3.04-95
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22.3.04-95
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22.3.04-95
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22.3.04-95
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(C_4_0)
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22.3.04-95
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D=0.
8.4

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(_4o_0,f) -
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8.5
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(5)
8.6

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22.3.04-95


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22.3.04-95



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22.3.04-95




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22.3.04-95



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22.3.04-95

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19

22.3.04-95
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7.2

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_0x_41_0)_52_0)_52
_7G? _03 +_7
\\\\\\\\\\\ _0=_7 \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\_0 (.1)

_7|\\ _42_7 _0 _7
|\ _0 _7 |\
(_7G?_4
_03 + x_42_0)_7 G_4 _7 _0+ (_7 G?
_03_7 _0+_7 _0(_7G?_5 _03_5 _0- x_42_0)_52_0)_5 2
x_41_0= A_41_0, x_42_0= A_41_0'.

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7.2.1
_7G_0 -
x_41_0 x_42_0, _41_0_4o_0 .

_41_0_4o_0 ....
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7.2.2 _7G_0
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= _7?_0 3_4 _5._0 _7G_0 (.2)
7.3
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7.4
_4o_0 H_41_0 -
20
22.3.04-95
O-O' Π (
H)
H_41_0D_41_0 -
_41_0_41_0.
7.5
H_4o_0H_41_0 ,
H_42_0
0-0'
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7.6
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(g=2.0025).

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7.9
R_41_0R_42_0,
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21

22.3.04-95





(,f) :
_4N_0 _4N_0
_42_0 _4N_0 _4N
_7S_0 C_4j_7 S_0 D_4j_0 -_7 S _0 C_4j_0D_4j_7 S _0
D_4j

_5j=1_0 _5j=1_0 _5j=1_0 _5j=1
_4o_0 =
_7\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\_0 (.1)

_4N_0 _42_0 _4N_0
_42
N
_7S_0 D_4j_0 - (_7 S _0 D_4j_0)

_5j=1_0 _5j=1

_4N N N
N _7S_4 _0
D_4j_0C_4j_0 - _7 S _0 D_4j_7 S _0 C_4j

_5j=1_0 _5j=1_0 _5j=1
f =
_7\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\_0 , (.2)

_4N_0 _42 _0 _4
N_0 _42
N
_7S_0 D_4j_0 - ( _7S_0 D_4j_0)

_5j=1_0 _5j=1
N -
.
22


22.3.04-95







( ) ,
1.
1


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|NN 𠠠 |
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+-------------+---------------------+--------------------------|
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23
22.3.04-95




1
-
D_4o_0 :

_7|\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\
_7`_0 _7 _0
_4 _0 _7/` _52_7 _4 ~_5 2_7 _4 _7 ` _52
_7s _4r,Do
_0=_7 ? s _4r,_7 _0+_7 s _4r,_7
_0+_7 s _4d,D_0 (.1)
_7`
_7s _4r,C_0 -


_7 _0;_5~_7s_0 _4r,_0 -

-
f _4o _0;_7 _5~_7s_0 _4d,D_0 -

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2 _5~_7s_0 _4r,_0
:

_7|\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\ _0 _7
|\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\
_7`_0 _7/
`_0 _42_7 `_0 _42_7 _4 _7
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_0 _42 _0 _42
_7s_0 _4r,_0 = _7?_0
_7s_0 _4r,f _0+_4 _0 _7s_0 _4r,Co_0
= _7?_0 _7s_0 _4f_7/_0 f + _7s_0 _4Co_0 _7/_0 C_4O_0
(.2)
_7s_0 _4f_0 ,
_7s_0 _4Co_0 - f _4o_0,
.

_42 2
3 _7 s_0 _4f_7 _0_7 s_0 _4Co_0
:
24

22.3.04-95

_4+-_0 - _42 -+
_42_0
_4|_0 D_4 |_0 _4 2
_7s_0 _4Co_0 =
_4|_0 1/N +_7 \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\_0 _4|
_0 S_4 _0(.3)

_4|_0 _5N_4 -
2 |

_4+-_0 _7S_0 (Dj - D_4 _0)_4 -+

j_5=1
_42_0 +- _5N_4 - 2 _0-+_4-1 2
_7s_0 _4f_7 _0=_7 _0|_7 S_4 _0(_4 _0D_4j_0 - D
)_4 _0 | _4 _0 S_4 _0(.4)

_4+-j=1_0 _4 -+
_4-_5 _0 _5 N
D = 1/N_5 ._7
S_4 _0 D_4j_0 (.5)
_4j=1
N - _5 _0_5
_0, S_52_0
_5-
,

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. S_52
:

_5+-
_4 _5-+
1_4 _5|_0 _4 _5 N_4 2_5 N N |
S_52_0 =_7
\\\\\\_0 _5|_0 _7 S_4 _0C_4j_7 _0-_7 _0C_4o_7 S _4 _0C_4j_7 _0-_7 _0f_4 _7S_0 _4 _0C_4j_0 D_4j _5| _0(.6)
N -
2_4 _5|_0 _4 j=1 j=1 j=1_5 |

_5+-
_4 _5-+
4

100(1-_7g_0 )%

_4o_0
:
25
22.3.04-95
_4o_0 - t_7 _5._7 s_4 Co_7 _0<_7 _0C_4o_7 _0<_7 _0C_4o_7 _0+_7 _0t _5 . _7s_4 Co_7 _4 _7 _0 (.7)

_5N-2;1-g/2_0
_4 _5N-2;1-g/2

f

:
f - t_7 _0
_5._7s_4 f_0 < f < f + t
_5._4 _7s_4 f_0 (.8)

_5N-2;1-g/2_0
_4 _5N-2;1-g/2
_7`
5
_7 s_4 r,C_0 :

_7|\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\
_7` _4 _7/ `_0 _42 _7 _4 _7 _0 _7`_0 _42_7 _4
_7 `_0 _42_7 _4 _7 `_0
_42_7 _5 _7 `_4 _0 _42
_7s_4r,C_7 _0=_7
? s_0 _4r,Ac_7 _0+ _7s_0 _4r,A_7
_0+_7 s_0 _4r,Pc_7 _0+_7 s_0 _4r,P _0+_4 _02 _4(_7s_4 r,K)_0 (.9)
_7` _0 _7
_0 _7 `
_7s_0 _4r,Ac_7 _0_7 _0 _7s_0 _4r,_0 -


, -
;
_7`_0 _7 `
_7s_0 _4r,Pc
_0_7 s_0 _4r,P_0 -
, ;
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_7s_0 _4r,K_0 -
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6
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"m" ._7 _0 _7s_0 _4r,A_7 _0_7 s_0
_4r,P_0 -
:
26


22.3.04-95

_7|\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\

_7/_0 _5 m _4 _5n _0 _5 _42_5 m n_4 _0 _4 2

_7/ S _4 _7 _4 _7S _0 C_4ij_7
_0-_7 S _0(_7 S_0 C_4ij_0)

_7/_4 i=1 j=1
i=1 j=1

_7/
\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\
_7`_0 _7?_0 _7 _0 m (n-1)
_7s_0 _4r,A_0 _4
P_0 = _7\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\_0 100 %

_5m _4 _5n_0 C_4ij

_7S _4 _7 S _0 _7 \\\\\\_0 (.10)

_4i=1 j=1_0 _5 _0 m n
_7`
7
_7s_4r,k_0
(k_4p_0 /k_4_0 ) 100%, k_4_0-

, k_4_0-
, -
.
_7`
8
_7 s_4d,D_0 -
:

_7|\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\
_7` /
` _42_7 _4 _7 _0 _7 `_4 2
_7s _4d,D_0
= _7?_0 _7s _41,d_0 _4 _0+_7 s
_42,d_0 , (.11)
_7`
_7 s _41,d_0 -

; _5~_7s
_42,d_0 - _7 _0
,

,
.
_7s_0 _42,d_0 ,
.
27

22.3.04-95
_7s_0 _41,d_0
:
- m
;
- m
d(i) = C_4i_0 - C_4o_0,_4
_0 C_4i -_0 i-
, C_4o_0 -
;
-


_4- _0 _4m
d
=_7 S_0 d_4i_0 /m (.12)

_5i=1

d_4i_0 :

_7|\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\
_7`_0 _7/_0 _4 m - 2
_7s_0 _4d_7
_0=_7 / S_4 _0(d_4i_0 - d )_4 _0/ (m - 1) (.13)
_7?_0 _5i=1
t_4_0 :
_7\
|\\\\

| d |_7 _5._7 ?_0 m

t_4_7 _0=_7 \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\_0 (.14)
_7`
_7s_0 _4d

t_4_0 t_4_0 -
f = m - 1.
t_4 _0<
t_4_0,
; -
t_4_0 >
t_4_0,

(.11).
28


22.3.04-95

m ,
(m = 15).
-

m
_4 _0
d(i) = D_41_0(i) - D_42_0(i) , D_41_0(i)_4 _0- _4 _0 ,
, D_42_0(i) -
.
-
:

_4- _5 _4 m

d =_5 _0 _7S_0 _4 _0d_4i_0/m (.15)

_5i=1

, -
, :

_7|\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\
_7` _0
_7 /_0 _5m_4 - 2
_7s_0
_4d_7 _0=_7 / S_4 _0(d_4i_0 - d) _7/_0 (m - 1) (.16)

_7?_0 _4 i=1
t_4_0
< t_4_0
f =
m - 1,
-
.

:
_7` _0
_7 _0 _7 `_4 _0 _4-
_7s_0
_4d,D_7 _0=_7 _0(_7 s_0 _4d_7 /_0 d )_5._0100% (.17)

_7`

_7 s_0 _4d,D_0
(.1).
29

22.3.04-95


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30

22.3.04-95

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22.3.04-95

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