(
       )
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
      
  
  
      
  
  
      
      
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
   -
  
  
  
  
  
  
      
  

 
 
 

:

.



1.3


, -

,

:

=2 f+(2 f+2 f+2 f )

: 2 fc - -

,

;

f=2651,15 f=(2 f+2 f+2 f ) - -



, -

, ,

.

=0,3...0,7. :

=0,5

-

: 2 fc=2F=7

: F=3,5 - -

.

-

, -

: f= *fc max; f= *f max; f = *f

: =3-5 -

;

=1-4 - -

;

= 1-5 -

;

f = 20 -

;

f =20,465 - -

, : f max=fcmax+f

f=465 - .

=2651,15+7000=9651,15

Ŀ

=9,6








1. 4 G H
G .H




:


=1/ - .

: -

.

=+ -

-

.






0,5 .



:

GHĿ

G H=0,5

GHĴ

G H =6,0

GHĴ

=6,5







1.5 G H
G H G H G .H

Q n
-
.
,

:
Qu= ( *f m/fc max)/[A]
: n -
-
(.).
[]=20*ln
fc max - -
, fc max=20
f max - -
.
f max=fc max 2f=20000-930=1907
[]=[f max/fc max-fc max/f max]
[A]=0,09527

.
Ŀ

N Qu

Ĵ

1 398,4513

Ĵ

2 64,6718

Ĵ

3 35,2773



: Qu Q
Qu=65 (2 )

: Q max=65
Q=250


.
1/Q min=1/Q+(1/Q max-1/Q)*fc min/fc max
1/Q min=1/250+(1/65-1/250)*17/20=0,0136
: Q=73,5
n-1=2 (2 )



1.6 G H
G .H


1)

.

=(fo+ f)/[( (1+X )) *fo]

: n - ,

;

fo - , -

;

f - ,

,

f=f-fo;

X - , -

: 1 X=2* f*Q/fo

B > 1 X=(f/fo-fo/f)Q

Q -

fo.

2)

, .:

f=fc min f=fc max

3) 1.6 .

f=B*1=B*fo/Q . -

f=2*f .

4) , f=2*f -

=1/

min=261 (..)=48

max=57 (..)=35

:

.

5) , 1.6,

1.

6) -

: =(Q[f/f-f/f]) *f/f

: n - ;

Q -

f, -

f.

=(90,4*(17000/465-465/17000)) *17000/465=107

Ŀ

= 44

= 107



:

.



1.7
.

1) .

=/ : =0,8...0,9

=0,85 , :

=9,6/0,85=11,3 .


2) .

Q=2 2*f/

Q=930000* 2/11300=116,4

, Q

, 100-300, Q.


3) .

=2*df/ : f-,



.

=2*9000/11300=1,59


4)

=2*f/Q/

=930000/11300/200=0,41 Q=200

1. 5 :

=1,59 Y1c=

=0,85 Y1=


5) 1=-Y1= - .

1=-Y1= -

.


6)

.

n =/1=6/ =

, : n>n n=n=














1.8 G -H
G .H




- -

. .

. -

n-

n:

[] =n*1 []

, , -

f,

f=0,5**





,

.



-

.

,

,

.



.
1.9
.

,
,
.

I) .

:
=U/1,414/ : U - -
() ;
Eao - () ;
=0,32/1,414/0,000006=37713

1,4 .
=37713*1,4=527697
Ŀ

= 527697


II) .
:

=***
II.a)
: -
"-
" " " .
=m*Q in*'/( +')=m*K'
: m -
;
Q in -
;
-
,
=+';
' - , -
: '=*/(+) , -
, -
.


(m).
m*m=(1-Q /Q)R * in*f /159/Q
: Q -
;
R - -
() f ;
C min - -
, min=min+'
min -
, -

f , '-

,
1. 5 -
f min...fc max,
'=(-**min)/(*-1) , --
,
=fc max/fc min
1) : =20/17=1,1765
2) :
'=(100-1,384*10)/(1,384-1)=224
3) :
min=224+10=234
4) 310 - 25 .
m*m=(1-65/250)*25*234*20000000/159*65=0,03539
m=0,18813
5) : = 10 = 10-12
6) = 3 = 3-12
7) '=*/(+)=10*3/(10+3)= 2,3
8) -
: =+'=100+224=324
9) ,
m=1:
'=Q min*C'/( max+')=73,5*2,3-12/(326-12)
'=0,52
10) :
=m*'=0,18813*0,52=0,0976
Ŀ

= 0,0976


II.b)Ko

:
=0,45 (S/w /)
4) 310 - 25 .
m=(1-65/250)*25*72*20000000/159*65

m=0,17

5) : = 10 = 10-12

6) = 3 = 3-12

7) '=*/(+)=10*3/(10+3)= 2,3

8) -

: =+'=100+72=172

9) ,

m=1:

'=Q min*C'/( max+')=73,5*2,3-12/(172-12)

'=0,983

10) :

=m*'=0,17*0,983=0,167

Ŀ

= 0,167




III)Ko



:

=0,45(S/w /)

: S - -

-

30 / ;

-

1,2 ;

=0,2025*(0,03/2/3,14/20000000/1,2-12)

=6,5

3

, ,

.

: = =6,5

IV) .

=14

V) .

:

= ///=52769/0,17/6,5/14=1486


-.
1.10
().




38/9 .

=US1 T/US1 T - .


=US1 T/US1 T - .


= 38 [] = 10S038/20T = 79,4 [. .]

= 9 [] = 10S09/20T = 2,8 [. .]




: S1T = / = 79,4/2,8 = 28,17[. .]


:

nS1T = ln KS1AT/ln S11 .T = ln 28,17/ln 10 = 1,5

nS1T = 3
1.11 ,

.


:

= *10-5*D/C'

: ' -,

; -

==10*h=10 ; h=1 -

; =3 - -

;

D= (**L*K* )

: - -

,=fc min/Q;

- ,

=;

L -
(88 )
- (3 )

()=10*Lg(K);

- -

-

(20 ), ()=10*Lg( );


(.):

=103/10=2



(.):

=102=100

-

:=17*106/250=68000 =68

D= (68*103*9,6*103*88*10-8*2*100)=333

, -

: =170*10-5*333/2.3=0.24 /














1.12



Ŀ
N

Ĵ
1 ********** 9,6 ************
Ĵ
2 Q MIN ********** 250 ************
Ĵ
3 Q MAX ********** 65 ************
Ĵ
4 - ********** 1 ************
-

Ĵ
5 - min=48 20
. 35
max=35,5 1,12
Ĵ
6 - 44 107 2 * 10 4


Ĵ
7 ********** 4 ************

Ĵ
8 ********** 110 ************

Ĵ
9 37713 52769 1,4
Ĵ
10 ********** 6,5 ************
Ĵ
11 ********** 1486 ************
Ĵ
12 ********** 28,7 ************
Ĵ
13 n ********** 2 ************









2. .


2.1 .




(.).

= 1 * 2

1 = ( /3)= (1468/3)=22 ,:

2 =1468/22=67

, 1,2

VT1, VT2 -

U 35 , -

2 % .

, :

2 = U /U 2 U /U

: U =p*U

2 = 0,32*8/0,0047=512 0,32*8/0,035=73,2

.

1- :

U 1 = U 2 / 1 U

: 1 = 1 / 1 = 22/10 = 2,2

U 1 = 0,0047/2,2 = 0,0021 < 0,035

.

U 2 < U , K 1 > K 1 ,-

1,2



,

.

1- :

R = 1 /S = 22/0,03 = 733

:

d = 0,7 /f = 28,8/465 = 0,062

mS11T mS12T

. -

: mS12T = 1 ,

mS12T = KS12T/mS11T*S*RS1T = 67/30*10S0-3T*733 = 0.8

:

dS1T= dS1T + dS1T + dS1 T

:

LS1KT = 1/wS02T*CS1 T= 1/(2*3,14*465*10S03T)S02T/1*10S0-6T = 6

, .

CS13 T:

CS13 T= CS1 T- ( mS12TS02 T* CS1 T+ CS1MT + CS1LT )

CS13 = 13*10TS0-9T - (0,8S02T*21*10S0-9T+1,5*10S0-9T) = 1,5S0 T

C1,C2:

CS1T = 50/2*3,14*




.

1.6
Ŀ


Ĵ
fo=fc max=20
------------------
Ĵ
0 0,1 0,15 0,2 0,250,35 0,5 1,0 1,5 2 2*f
Ĵ
df() 0 3,1 46,4 61,8 77,3108,2154,6309,2463,7618,2930,0
Ĵ
X 0 0,2000,3000,4000,5000,7001,0002,0002,9703,9405,880
Ĵ
X 1 1,0400,0900,1600,2500,4901,0004,0008,82015,5234,57
Ĵ
(1+X ) 1 1,0191,0441,0771,1181,2201,4142,2363,1344,0655,964
Ĵ
( (1+ )) 2 1,0401,0901,1601,2501,4902,0005,0009,82016,5235,57
Ĵ
fo/fo+df 1 0,9980,9970,9960,9960,9940,9920,9840,9770,9700,955
Ĵ
Y(.) 1 0,9600,9200,8600,8000,670 0,5000,2000,1000,0600,029
Ĵ
Y() 0 -0,30-0,70-1,20-1,90-3,40-5,95-13,8-19,7-24,0-30,4
Ĵ
fo=fc min=17
----------------
Ĵ
0 0,1 0,15 0,20 0,25 0,35 0,5 1,0 1,5 2,0 2*f
Ĵ
df() 0 11,0616,5922,1227,6538,7255,31110,6165,9221,2930,0
Ĵ
X 0 0,2000,3000,4000,5000,7001,0002,0002,9703,95016,09
Ĵ
X 0 1,0400,0900,1600,2500,4901,0004,0008,82015,60258,9
Ĵ
(X +1) 1 1,0191,0441,0771,1181,2201,4142,2303,1304,08016,13
Ĵ
( (X +1)) 1 1,0401,0901,1601,2501,4902,0005,0009,82016,60259,9
Ĵ
fo/fo+df 1 0,9980,9980,9970,9970,9960,9940,9890,9830,9780,914
Ĵ
Y(.) 1 0,9600,9100,8600,8000,6730,5030,2020,1030,0610,004
Ĵ
Y () 0 -0,30-0,70-1,20-1,90-3,40-5,90-13,8-19,6-24,2-48,0






. -4-90
..
1993.

2011